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â€œMiracles are natural signs of forgiveness. Through miracles you accept God’s forgiveness by extending it to othersâ€. Forgiveness is the intentional and voluntary process by which a victim undergoes a change in feelings and attitude regarding an offense and overcomes negative emotions such as resentment and vengeance. â€œThe Sunflowerâ€ On the Possibilities and Limits of Forgiveness by Simon Wiesenthal. The author views a memoir and events that happened when he was in a Nazi concentration camp. Karl, a young, dying Nazi soldier. He had an injury in his head, and he canâ€™t speak only through a small slit over his mouth. He asked his nurse to find a Jew person. The nurse went to Simon and asked him to meet Karl. Then Karl told Simon all his crimes which he did them during the second world war. He was acknowledging his trespasses, and he hoped to clean his heart before he dies by getting forgiveness from Simon. He was forcedto commit atrocities, such as burning building was covered with Jews, and he shot them when they trying to jump out of the windows. Then, he was hit by a grenade when he moved with his military to the Arabian Peninsula. Karl told Simon why he needs forgiveness, he hopes to die in peace. Simon confused what to do, so he left the room without any answering, going back to his barracks to think. The next day, he knew that Karl had died. Simon felt concerned by his decision and has never reconciled if what he did what was right or wrong. Many theologians, famous members, and political leader wrote to discuss their opinions on the Simonâ€™s question, â€œWas forgiveness, right?â€. The most of replies were against forgiveness, and others were with forgiveness for different reason according to their religions or beliefs.
It is better to tell the soldier Karl that first, he needs to get forgiveness from God and all Jews in order to die in peace because he did ugly crimes. Forgiveness is legally and morally justified because it is the innate virtue of human being and most of the religions are based on the concept of forgiveness. It is a blessing for victim more than offender. It is very beneficial for both people in three ways psychologically, socially and medically. Forgiveness serves the aggrieved party but not the aggressor. Forgiveness is good for Simon to focus on his future peacefully. Forgiving the soldier, Karl would ensure that Simon develops the ability to start his healing process early.
Simon can forgive Karl because he believes that Karl was a soldier had been forced to compel to implement the orders of his leaders. Simon states, “Obviously he was not born a murderer, nor did he want to be a murderer. It was the Nazis who made him kill defenseless people” (67). Simon showed that real criminals are the Nazis. This is a clear fact because Hitler’s unjust decisions were causing destruction not only to Karl but to all German society. Therefore, when Simon looked at Karl as a soldier, he may have had some doubts about his silence about asking for forgiveness. Also, Dith Pran reinforced this opinion about the soldiers when he said, “They were brainwashed. More importantly, they were forced to kill. If they didn’t follow the orders of the Khmer Rouge leadership, not only would they have been killed, but their entire families would have killed. They feared death (Pran, 231). Pran believed that, Khmer Rouge leaders were responsible for killing millions of people in Cambodia, the disabled, children, and anyone who opposes their ideas. Among them are all his family. And yet he was prepared to forgive the Khmer Rouge soldiers, those who actually committed the killing, he always felt that the soldiers were also victims and that there was a big difference between the Khmer Rouge leaders and the individuals who were carrying out their orders. Although he can never forget what they did. But he can forgive the soldiers, not the commanders. The soldier’s criminal actions were not motivated by personal grievances or grudges, but the penitent soldier was merely gearing in the wheel of the Nazi killing machine, and another unimportant to it, because it could have been easily replaced by another.
Forgiveness is the first step for bright future. Desmond Tutu viewed Nelson Mandela, the South African president, as a model who served in prison for twenty-seven years. His lose his eyes. Yet he invited his white jailer to his inauguration as South Africaâ€™s ï¬rst democratically elected president. It is a moral and a political behavior reflect a far look toward his society. He sent a positive message about forgiveness. Tutu stated, â€œForgiveness is not some nebulous thing. It is practical politics. Without forgiveness, there is no futureâ€ (Mandela qtd. Tutu 268). He meant that, forgiving is the key to build a strong and cohesive nation looking for a prosperous future. Otherwise, hatred prevails, and the nation is dispersed, which hinders the wheel of progress. Other example shows the effect of forgiveness on future, according to the website Weebly, Uliia wrote the story of Eva and her twin sister, 10 years old, Holocaust survivors. They were sent to Auschwitz concentration camp, and medical experiments were performed by Dr. Joseph Mengel. Sisters in harsh and frightening conditions. After many years, this woman found the power within herself to talk about her past in front of millions of people. According to her personal story, there was no bitterness, anger, or hatred toward who hurt her and her twin sister. Moreover, Eva Kore decided to do something imaginative and unhappy, to forgive those who had offended her and killed her family. She just wants to break free from her painful past and forgiveness was the only key to moving forward in her life and embracing her future.
Forgiveness was necessary for Simon not for Karl. Although, Simon had left without responding to the dying soldier, Simon’s conscience was eating it and describing this episode as “one of the most unpleasant experiences of his life” (Wiesenthal. 85). He dies next to the soldier, but he found the moment to atone for his sin when meeting with the dead soldier mother. Jose Hobday wrote a unique response to Simonâ€™s question. After reading Simon’s story Hobday recalled her mother’s advice about the role of tolerance in getting rid of poison in the breasts. Hobday said, â€œforgetfulness and tolerance stems from the same place, and for one to forgive one must also forget. She believes tolerance is necessary not for your peace of mind, but for Simon. Memory does not have to be able to hold back a personâ€ (Hobday,175). Hopday chose forgiveness, but for various reasons many Christian respondents
dispute forgiveness for Karl’s path, Hopday argues that Simon should forgive Karl for his sake. Forgiveness could help Simon to quit the alternation of two opposite feelings in his mind between being a victim of Nazism and guilty for being unforgivable with Karl.
Steven Alkalajâ€™s response is against forgetting, forgiveness, and reconciliation. He states, â€œForgetting the crimes would be worse than forgiving the criminal who seeks forgiveness, because forgetting the crimes devalues the humanity that perished in these atrocitiesâ€ (Alkalaj, 102). He thought that what happened to the European Jews would never happen again, but it points out that there are many similarities between what happened during World War II and what happened in Bosnia decades later, where the value of human life was drastically reduced in both cases. And, he describes his own experience of collecting food, living in tunnels, and watching entire families die around him.
Although Alkalaj noticed that Simon was confused about the decision to forgive, he warned against forgetting. Also, he warned judging Simon’s status as a universal moral tale because he was in such specific and uniquely tormented circumstances.
In spite of, Alkalajâ€™s description and analysis of the situation enough. However, there is a contradiction in some situations. Despite his knowledge of Simon’s concern, he called for not forgetting or forgiveness. Forgetting here is not in the literal sense or forgetting the facts, but it means: First, forgetting the pain and getting rid of the feeling of injustice, it is harmful and weighs the chest. When we forget victims, we have wronged them again. Second, for Simon to recover from the anxiety inherent in him since his meeting with Karl. Simon ‘s forgiveness alone does not absolve Karl but helps Simon to live in peace looking forward his future. Forgiveness erases hatred, unites and strengthens peoples. The benefit of forgiveness is more than the benefit of death man punishment for a period of days and may be hours by not forgiving? He deserves a stronger and more severe punishment, and it is the punishment of God who never dies.
I will mention an experience that I experienced and suffered a lot from. It is Tragic event occurred in Iraq in 1991. During it, I lose many of my neighbors and relatives. According to reports of gulf war in 1991, the greatest loss of life among civilians occurred in one incident in the attack on the Amiriya Defense Brigade, which killed 400 civilians. Among them were 261 women, and 52 infants, the youngest of whom was a seven-day old, and no trace or image was found. The United States claimed that it intercepted various indications that the facility was being used as a military command and control center. Although, the Pentagon acknowledges that it knows that the Amiriya facility was used as a shelter for civil defense, but they did not issue any warning that they considered its protected status as a civilian shelter to have ended. Although the United States accused that it was difficult to monitor civilians because they must have entered the shelter after dark, US officials did not explain why large numbers of civilians were not observed in broad daylight when they left the shelter.
It was a very cruel experience. Years remained that do not accept anything related to America, but after the passage of time I thought rationally and asked myself what is the end of this suffering? Who is the guilty? The pilot who bombed, America, or our president. I recently concluded that our president is responsible for the safety of these victims, due to his dictatorial decisions that led to the destruction of our country, as Hitler did to the Jews and Germany as well. I decided to forgive and forget, and this really happened. I came to America and I am now proud to be an American citizen and the first American friend I met was a military man who participated in the war on Iraq America and I am now proud to be an American citizen and the first American friend I met was a military man who participated in the war on Iraq.
NEEDLESS DEATHS IN THE GULF WAR
Civilian Casualties During the Air Campaign and Violations of the Laws of War
New York:Human Rights Watch, (c)1991or the essay below