MUST BE ORIGINAL IN PROPER APA AND SUBMITTED ON TIME AND FOLLOW ALL THE DIRECTION OUTLINED IN THESE INSTRUCTIONS

MUST BE ORIGINAL IN PROPER APA AND SUBMITTED ON TIME AND FOLLOW ALL THE DIRECTION OUTLINED IN THESE INSTRUCTIONS

MUST BE ORIGINAL IN PROPER APA AND SUBMITTED ON TIME AND FOLLOW ALL THE DIRECTION OUTLINED IN THESE INSTRUCTIONS

 

 

 

Research Paper: Submission Instructions

Purpose:

The research paper is designed to provide you with an opportunity to fully appreciate how learning principles can be applied to an issue or psychological disorder that is of interest to you in terms of your vocation or thesis research. Together with the article review forms, this assignment will also guide you through the process of interpreting and evaluating primary sources. You will have an opportunity to go beyond summarizing what you have learned to formulating your own ideas about future research.

Introduction:

The paper will discuss an area of applied research that relies heavily on learning principles. The introduction portion of the paper will include a general discussion of the area of applied research and why it is important. This section will also discuss the learning principles and methods used in this area of research. Be sure to cite the papers that originally proposed a theory or model and papers that originally applied a learning principle to an applied area of research. For example, if the topic of the paper is “relapse among drug addicted individuals,” then the introduction would include a discussion of spontaneous recovery of operant behavior and how this learning principle has been applied to drug addiction research. Be sure to also make a strong case for why the issue, to which the learning principle is being applied, is important (e.g. how many people does it affect, how much money does it cost society). Most importantly, the introduction should also clearly state the hypothesis of the paper. The hypothesis will become a touchstone that you continually draw the reader’s attention back to throughout the paper (e.g. “These findings support the hypothesis that…” or “These findings are inconsistent with the hypothesis that…”).

Literature Review:

The next section of the paper will start with a short review of the theoretical literature pertaining to the learning principle in question. This should be followed by a much more detailed discussion of the current literature in your chosen area of applied research. Try to select articles that are along similar lines of inquiry in order to tell a coherent story about the research. For example, if your topic is the role of second order conditioning in anxiety, then you could discuss a series of experiments that were designed to determine the critical variables that determine when and how a second order conditioned stimuli comes to elicit a stress response (i.e. anxiety). The paper could also be organized to present two different theories about your topic. In this case you would discuss the differences in their hypotheses, methods, results, and interpretations. Avoid discussing a paper from a single lab, as this will not give an accurate picture of the literature as a whole. This section of the paper should discuss at least 6 different peer-reviewed journal articles. Discuss the rationale, methods, results, interpretation, and your critique of each article. The critique of the article can include a discussion of the lack of an important control group or alternatively, the strength of the findings, owing to the fact that the investigators controlled for alternative explanations for the findings. There should also be a clear, logical flow from one study to the next. Avoid the impression that the paper is just a list of papers. There should be logical progression from study to study.

 

 

Discussion:

The discussion section should start with a summary of all of the relevant findings. There should not be any new information in the summary statements. The next section should focus on recommendations and implications of your findings. Reflect on why these findings are important and who would benefit from them. Based on the current state of the literature in this field, what should be the focus of future research? This may be obvious, but more likely it will require a great deal of thought and reflection. It may be helpful to keep this question in mind as you are reading through each article. The final section of the paper will recap the importance of the topic. Put your findings in the context of your thesis statement. Did your findings support your thesis or were they inconsistent with your thesis/hypothesis.

Assessment:

This section of the paper is intended to give you an opportunity to reflect on your writing process. What works for you and what does not? Which parts of the assignment were helpful and why? Did you find the article reviews helpful? More generally, what have you personally taken away from this assignment? Finally, how is this assignment going to impact your career goals?

Steps to complete your paper:

1.      Pick an area of research that uses learning principles.

2.      Find a recent review article and other basic information to use for background. These may also lead you to important journal articles that you will want to discuss in your paper.

3.      Find peer-reviewed empirical journal articles (papers that include methods and results sections).

a.       PsycNet will only allow you to view peer-reviewed articles.

4.      Write an outline of your paper.

5.      Expand the outline into a PowerPoint presentation.

6.      Write the paper.

Requirements:

1.      Current APA style title page.

2.      Current APA style abstract.

3.      Current APA style reference page.

4.      The paper must be at least 10 pages (not including a cover page, abstract, or references).

5.      All current APA formatting guidelines must be adhered to.

a.       Any fact that is not common knowledge must have a reference.

b.      Any idea or conclusion which is not your own must be accompanied by a citation—give credit to the person who had the idea.

c.       APA formatted section headers are required in your paper. They should clearly describe the contents of each section.

6.      A minimum of 10 peer-reviewed journal articles must be cited. Some of the articles can be used for background information, but at least 6 studies must be discussed and critiqued in detail. Do not use textbooks, websites, or blogs.

7.      Attach the first page (including the abstract) of each of the 6 articles you discuss to the end of your paper for the instructor’s reference.

 

 

Outline:

     I.               Introduction

A.                State your topic. (e.g. “This paper will examine the roles of spontaneous reinstatement of operant behavior in drug addiction.”)

1.               State why this topic is important (e.g. “More than 80% of individuals who go through substance abuse treatment will relapse within 5 years.”)

2.               State your initial research questions (e.g. “What are the critical variables that contribute to spontaneous recovery of operant responding for drugs of abuse?”)

B.                 Background information about the issue

1.               Learning principle (e.g. “Spontaneous recovery was first reported by _______. Later research revealed that _____,_______, and ______ influence spontaneous recovery in animal studies”.)

2.               Principle’s application to the problem or issue (e.g. “______ initially suggested that drug relapse may work through a similar mechanism. The methods used to study spontaneous recovery of drug seeking behavior are…”)

C.                 State your hypothesis. Your hypothesis is the main focus of the paper (e.g. “While stress is a critical factor in the reinstatement of operant behavior for drugs of abuse, its effects can be mitigated by an enriched environment”). Everything discussed in the paper should be related back to the hypothesis.  Does a study support or contradict your hypothesis.

1.               Define all terms in your hypothesis, referencing appropriate sources

2.               Discuss any points of clarification

a)                  Point 1

b)                  Point 2

(1)               … (as needed)

(2)               …

  II.               Literature Review

A.                Theoretical literature pertaining to the learning principle

1.               Overview and summary of each theory or explanation

2.               Relevance of each theory/explanation to the issue

3.               Application of the theoretical findings to the issue

B.                 Applied literature—Repeat for each study

1.               Rationale of the study

2.               Overview of the study

3.               Methodology (key elements)

4.               Key findings related to your hypothesis

5.               Critique of the study

a)                  Design?

b)                  Appropriate methods?

c)                  How do the findings relate to your hypothesis/thesis?

III.              Discussion

A.                Summary

1.               Summary of all of relative findings

B.                 Recommendations

1.               What can be learned from this research?

2.               What are the implications?

3.               To whom are these recommendations relevant and why? (e.g. parents, government agencies, organizations, educational institutions, mental health professionals)

C.                 Future Research

D.                Conclusions

1.               Recap the importance of your topic (no new information)

2.               Revisit your thesis statement (did you find support or no support?)

3.               Conclusion based on information derived from the literature

IV.               Assessment of Research Paper Writing Process (this section is based on your process)

A.                How your process worked (evaluate your own writing process)

1.               Outline

2.               PowerPoint presentation

3.               Article review assignment

B.                 What have you learned

C.                 How is this assignment going to impact your career goals

  V.              References

A.                Reference 1

B.                 Reference 2

C.                 Reference 3

D.                Reference 4

E.                 Reference 5

F.                  Continue as needed

VI.               Article abstracts

A.                Abstract 1

B.                 Abstract 2

C.                 Abstract 3

D.                Abstract 4

E.                 Abstract 5

F.                  Abstract 6

 

Research Paper: Submission Grading Rubric Instructions

Category Meets Expectations Partially Meets Expectations Does Not Meet Expectations Points

Earned

Title Page 5 points

Meets all of the following criteria:

Title correctly summarizes the content of the paper.

Title is appropriate for a formal research paper.

3.25 points

Missing 1 of the following criteria:

Title correctly summarizes the content of the paper.

Title is appropriate for a formal research paper.

0 to 1.25 points

Meets none of the following criteria:

Title correctly summarizes the content of the paper.

Title is appropriate for a formal research paper.

Abstract 15 points

Meets all of the following criteria:

Clearly states the topic of the paper.

Summarizes the content of the paper.

States implications of the findings.

150–250 words.

7.5 points

Missing 1 or 2 of the following criteria:

Clearly states the topic of the paper.

Summarizes the content of the paper.

States implications of the findings.

150–250 words.

0 to 3.75 points

Missing more than 2 of the following criteria:

Clearly states the topic of the paper.

Summarizes the content of the paper.

States implications of the findings.

150–250 words.

Introduction 50 points

Meets all of the following criteria:

Provides background research for both the learning principles and the applied research in a clear, logical manner.

Describes importance of the issue or problem.

Articulates a clear hypothesis for the paper.

Flows well into the discussion of the journal article to be discussed.

25 points

Missing 1 or 2 of the following criteria:

Provides background research for both the learning principles and the applied research in a clear, logical manner.

Describes importance of the issue or problem.

Articulates a clear hypothesis for the paper.

Flows well into the discussion of the journal article to be discussed.

0 to 12.5 points

Missing more than 2 of the following criteria:

Provides background research for both the learning principles and the applied research in a clear, logical manner.

Describes importance of the issue or problem.

Articulates a clear hypothesis for the paper.

Flows well into the discussion of the journal article to be discussed.

Applied Research Articles 50 points

Meets all of the following criteria:

Clearly articulates the rationale for each of the experiments within the context of the previously discussed literature.

Concisely reports the relevant elements of the methodology of each study.

Accurately discusses the results and puts them in the context of the literature.

Provides a sound critique of the studies.

Demonstrates the logical progression of studies and/or how the articles relate to each other.

25 points

Missing up to 3 of the following criteria:

Clearly articulates the rationale for each of the experiments within the context of the previously discussed literature.

Concisely reports the relevant elements of the methodology of each study.

Accurately discusses the results and puts them in the context of the literature.

Provides a sound critique of the studies.

Demonstrates the logical progression of studies and/or how the articles relate to each other.

0 to 12.5 points

Missing more than 3 of the following criteria:

Clearly articulates the rationale for each of the experiments within the context of the previously discussed literature.

Concisely reports the relevant elements of the methodology of each study.

Accurately discusses the results and puts them in the context of the literature.

Provides a sound critique of the studies.

Demonstrates the logical progression of studies and/or how the articles relate to each other.

Discussion 30 points

Meets all of the following criteria:

Summarizes the research findings and puts them in the broader context of the field of study.

Provides thoughtful recommendations/implications for relevant parties.

Provides his/her own ideas about future research based on the presented findings.

Provides a compelling conclusion section that wraps up the paper.

15 points

Missing 1 or 2 of the following criteria:

Summarizes the research findings and puts them in the broader context of the field of study.

Provides thoughtful recommendations/implications for relevant parties.

Provides his/her own ideas about future research based on the presented findings.

Provides a compelling conclusion section that wraps up the paper.

0 to 7.5 points

Missing more 2 or more of the following criteria:

Summarizes the research findings and puts them in the broader context of the field of study.

Provides thoughtful recommendations/implications for relevant parties.

Provides his/her own ideas about future research based on the presented findings.

Provides a compelling conclusion section that wraps up the paper.

Assessment of Research Writing Process 10 points

Meets all of the following criteria:

Gives a meaningful evaluation of their writing process (i.e. what did and did not work well).

Provides a thoughtful discussion of what they have learned as a result of writing the paper.

Reports how the assignment has impacted their career goals.

5 points

Missing 1 of the following criteria:

Gives a meaningful evaluation of their writing process (i.e. what did and did not work well).

Provides a thoughtful discussion of what they have learned as a result of writing the paper.

Reports how the assignment has impacted their career goals.

0 to 2.5 points

Missing more than 1 of the following criteria:

Gives a meaningful evaluation of their writing process (i.e. what did and did not work well).

Provides a thoughtful discussion of what they have learned as a result of writing the paper.

Reports how the assignment has impacted their career goals.

Current APA Style 20 points

All current APA standards are followed.

10 points

No more than 3 different current APA formatting violations.

0 to 5 points

More than 3 different current APA formatting violations.

Style and Documentation 20 points

Free or almost free of grammar, spelling, and writing mechanics errors;

Appropriately cites sources.

10 points

Has some errors but does not represent a major distraction;

Appropriately cites sources but misses some minor sources.

0 to 5 points

Has errors that are distracting and obscure content meaning.

Neglects important sources or documents few to no sources.

Total /200
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