The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate progress in compiling research and to indicate a methodology for organizing your research sources.

The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate progress in compiling research and to indicate a methodology for organizing your research sources.

Annotated Bibliography  

The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate progress in  compiling research and to indicate a methodology for organizing your  research sources. 

Include the following in your annotated bibliography:

  • APA citations and annotations for four (4) sources you deem  relevant to answering your research question and addressing your thesis;  however, you are only required to reference three (3) scholarly sources in your final research paper.

For each source:

  • List the source in proper APA format. The references should be  organized in alphabetical order by author as on an APA bibliography  page. 
  • Follow the source with a brief annotation that summarizes the source information (approximately 3–5 sentences). You may quote briefly from the source,
    but do not copy and paste from the abstract. Include internal citations as needed.
  • In 1 or 2 sentences, explain and  evaluate the source’s relevance and significance to your thesis. Does  the information from this source support
    or discredit your thesis?  
  • Use an academic tone and style. 

Research Paper Outline

The purpose of this assignment is to draft and submit a complete,  organized, detailed outline of your research paper in APA format, with  sources cited and referenced accurately. 

Adhere to the following guidelines for drafting and submitting your outline:

  • Use standard alphanumeric outline format
  • Include your thesis at the top of the page before you start your outline
  • Include APA in-text citations for at least three scholarly sources
  • Include an APA formatted reference page
  • Include a title page
  • Use current APA Style throughout

Attached is the topic for both the outline and annotated bibliography 



Developmental Psychology

Maritza De Paz

West Coast University

February 9, 2020

Developmental Psychology

Research question: Is adolescence a period for low self-esteem?

Many grown ups recall adolescence as stage in their life when they were filled with self-analysis and a declining self-esteem. While most think so, some view this stage as a subjective situation that cannot be measured, considering that not all adults suffered the event. Even so, it is considered that physical appearance in adolescents has a lot to do with self-esteem, and the higher the dissatisfaction, the lower the self-image. Studies confirm that over a third of adolescent’s struggle with self-esteem from their looks.

Self-esteem is an issue in adolescence that can result in many problems such as isolation, low academic performance, behavioral issues, and depression at the worst. According to Morsunbul (2015), girls are affected more than boys are. However, this trend can be altered with increased motivation from grown-ups, who help their youth understand that their stage is only a phase in life. Harris and Orth (2019) argue that social relationships contribute largely to shaping the self-esteem of adolescents, or the personal evaluation of self-worth.

Self-esteem in adolescents shapes the development of identity. As this is a time when youngsters are critical of each other and themselves, the infusion of positive opinions on their concept of self and others helps with shaping their personalities. Here, Harris and Orth (2019) argue that this group of people should be taught the meaning of commitment to self as well as a worthy course. In the absence of this, adolescents risk losing their path to a brighter adulthood, which could become a repetitive cycle as they could fail to teach future generations from a point of experience.


Harris, M. A., & Orth, U. (2019, September 26). The Link Between Self-Esteem and SocialRelationships: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies. Journal of Personality and SocialPsychology. Advance online publication.

Morsunbul, U. (2015). The effect of identity development, self-esteem, low self-control and gender on aggression in adolescence and emerging adulthood.Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 61, 99-116.

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