use of measurement tools

Your first assignment included an initial needs assessment. The use of reliable and valid measurement tools are required to verify and/or effectively modify that initial assessment. Performance psychology specialists have devoted considerable effort to understanding and reducing measurement error; however, the work of error mitigation continues. Thus, the performance psychology practitioner should take every reasonable action to assure that the measurement tool used to assess a case is not only well suited to the problems identified in the case, but also exhibits a reasonable level of reliability and validity.

For this assignment, you will evaluate the reliability and validity of three measurement tools that could be used to assess the needs of the client in the “PSY-839 Case Study.” One tool should be selected from each of the following forms:

physiological measurements, human performance measurements, and survey instruments. You should consider predictive, construct, content-related, and criterion-related validity in your evaluation.

General Requirements: Use the following information to ensure successful completion of the assignment:

  • Refer to “PSY-839 Case Study.”
  • Doctoral learners are required to use APA style for their writing assignments. The APA Style Guide is located in the Student Success Center.
  • Refer to Chapters 2-4 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) for specific guidelines related to doctoral-level writing. These chapters contain essential information on manuscript structure and content, clear and concise writing, and academic grammar and usage.
  • This assignment requires that at least two additional scholarly research sources related to this topic, and at least one in-text citation from each source be included.
  • You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.


Choose three measurement tools that could be used to assess the needs of the client in the case study. One tool should be selected from each of

the following forms: physiological measurements, human performance measurements, and survey instruments.

Write a paper (1,750-2,000 words) in which you evaluate the three measurement tools you selected. Include the following in your paper:

  1. A description of each measurement tool and its theoretical foundation.
  2. A research-based discussion of the reliability and validity of the measurement tools.
  3. A rationale for using the measurement tools in the case study.

Here is the case study to be used:

Refer to the case study below to complete course assignments:

Assume you have started consulting with a large, public university that has experienced considerable athletic success across multiple sports. One of the teams you provide services for is the men’s basketball team, which is considered a revenue-generating sport for the athletic department. The coach has stated that he appreciates your assistance, he welcomed you to watch practice, and he allowed you time to present to the team on performance optimization strategies. You have worked with a few of players on an individual basis, but only to follow-up on the strategies you taught in the team sessions.

During one of your practice observations, you notice that the design of practices seems very inconsistent and disorganized. You overheard several players discuss how they never know what to expect in terms of intensity of practice regardless of their upcoming competition or strength and conditioning schedule. You observed one of the assistant coaches attempt to implement more structure and drills that appeared to have a solid theoretical basis for training. The head coach seemed to incorporate some of the suggestions, but when the team loses a game, the practices get even more inefficient and the head coach is much more critical of their performance without giving specific instructions on how to improve. The players’ frustrations are visible as their body language and communication with each other appears to suffer after a loss.

Sam is a sophomore on the team. He was highly recruited and has always described himself as a “gym rat” because he devotes so much time training for basketball. During Sam’s freshman year, he averaged 10-12 minutes per game and the coaching staff reported they were very productive minutes. He was not stellar, but they could count on him to score points and play good defense. Sam is now in contention for a starting spot, but his performance is not nearly as good as what it was his freshman year. In particular, his confidence and focus seem inconsistent and he has been rude to his teammates and coaches when they give him feedback. He seems anxious while rushing the plays and committing turnovers. In addition, he has fouled out of several games.

The team athletic trainer informs you that Sam would like to meet for an individual session, but he does not want the coaching staff to know he is seeking this assistance. In your first meeting with Sam, he says he has never felt this anxious while playing and seems to “black out” when under pressure. Sam reports feeling misunderstood by his teammates and coaches, which leads him to distance himself from them. Sam tells you that his goal is to make it to the next level and that he feels he must be the top scorer each game if he is going to achieve that goal. Sam tells you he has questions about how to run the offense, but is afraid to ask the coaching staff for fear of losing his starting position.

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