usinging observation in guiding children

usinging observation in guiding children

Assignment:

This week, the topic is ‘Using Observation in Guiding Children’. After completing your weekly text reading, reviewing the additional resources provided, and in doing your own outside research, complete the following case study:

Step 1: Select a setting in which you can complete three 30-minute observations of a toddler as he/she interacts with other children. This can be done in a preschool, at home, etc. Write detailed notes on the child’s behavior using the anecdotal note form (1st observation), the running record form (2nd observation), and using the checklist (3rd observation) using your text as a guide in the how to’s of using each.

ANECDOTAL FORMAT

Goal for this observation

Date/day:

Time of day:

Focus child, if appropriate:

Other children involved

The anecdote:

RUNNING RECORD FORMAT

Focus:

Date:

Context/Background/Time

Intensive Observation

Comments/Reflections

CHECKLIST

Child’s Name: ______________________ Date: ____________________

I. INDIVIDUAL ATTRIBUTES

The child:

____ Is usually in a positive mood

____ Is not excessively dependent on the teacher, assistant, or other adults

____ Usually comes to the program or setting willingly

____ Usually copes with rebuffs adequately

____ Shows the capacity to empathize

____ Has positive relationships with one or two peers; shows capacity to really care about them, miss them if they are absent

____ Displays the capacity for humor

____ Does not seem to be acutely lonely

II. SOCIAL SKILLS ATTRIBUTES

The child usually:

____ Approaches others positively

____ Expresses wishes and preferences clearly; gives reasons for actions and positions

____ Asserts own rights and needs appropriately

____ Is not easily intimidated by bullies

____ Expresses frustrations and anger effectively and without escalating disagreements or harming others

____ Gains access to ongoing groups at play and work

____ Enters ongoing discussion on the subject; makes relevant contributions to ongoing activities

____ Takes turns fairly easily

____ Shows interest in others; exchanges information with and requests information from others appropriately

____ Negotiates and compromises with others appropriately

____ Does not draw inappropriate attention to self

____ Accepts and enjoys peers and adults of ethnic groups other than his or her own

____ Interacts nonverbally with other children with smiles, waves, nods, and so forth

III. PEER RELATIONSHIP ATTRIBUTES

The child:

____ Is usually accepted versus neglected or rejected by other children

____ Is sometimes invited by other children to join them in play, friendship, and work

____ Is named by other children as someone they are friends with or like to play and

work with

Step 2: Compose a 1250-1500 word essay reflecting upon key concepts from this week’s assigned reading and on what you learned about in guiding children. Be sure to connect your essay to information you learned from your observations. Discuss:

  • How the different observation formats helped you better understand children, in general
  • What type of information is gained from each
  • Which you found to be most useful in gathering information about your target child

Your essay should completely answer all of the required points. Separate each section in your paper with a clear heading that allows your professor to know which bullet you are addressing in that section of your paper. Make sure to reference three (3) citations using the APA writing style for each reference. Include your filled-in observation forms, a cover page and a reference page, which do not count towards the minimal word amount.

 
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