Vaccinating children from birth to college age is an important party of herd immunity in your local community.

Vaccinating children from birth to college age is an important party of herd immunity in your local community.

Choose two peers and review their abstracts using the Peer Review Checklist found in the Peer Review Guidelines and Rubric document.

Peer 1 Response:

Kristi Sullivan posted

Vaccinating children from birth to college age is an important party of herd immunity in your local community. Parents are still hesitant about giving vaccines because of the whole story about the link to Autism.Providers are struggling with the parents refusing or delaying childhood vaccines and its causing eradicated diseases to resurface, along with all people coming from different countries.

Aims and objectives: Vaccinating children on a timely schedule from newborn to college age

Is the purpose clearly stated?  The purpose of this article is to examine the most common concerns surrounding vaccine hesitancy and outline strategies for pediatric providers to address concerns with parents in the clinical setting.

Background: Does the author offer background on the subject?  The author shows the statistics of the 644 new cases of measles, 17,325 cases of pertussis, and the 42% of patients who don’t get the flu shot.

Methods: Are the methods clearly stated? What type of method did the author use?  The methods used are providers and other staff giving information about the safety and validity of keeping a vaccine schedule. They will provide any education to parents and VIS sheets that explain all of the possible side effects of each vaccine. They will start to educate parents as early as prenatal visits on the importance of a timely vaccine schedule. 

Results: Are the results valid and reliable?  The results are valid and reliable because they got statistics from CDC.

Conclusions: Are the conclusions clearly stated and are they informed by the results?  

The conclusions were clearly stated that providers need to encourage parents to vaccinate to preserve herd immunity.Providers also need to continue to educate parents on every visit explaining the risks and benefits of vaccines. 

Relevance to clinical practice: Does the author state the relevance to clinical practice? The author states relevance to clinical practice by how the providers continue to struggle with hesitancy to give vaccines to children. There has to be constant reminders and education about how important it is to keep the children, their families and community healthy.

Reference

Barrows, M. A., Coddington, J. A., Richards, E. A., & Aaltonen, P. M. (n.d.). Parental Vaccine Hesitancy: Clinical Implications for Pediatric Providers. JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEALTH CARE, 29(4), 385–394. https://doi-org.ezproxy.snhu.edu/10.1016/j.pedhc.2015.04.019

Peer 2 Response:

Laura Feigenbaum posted

Abstract

Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to explore the possible causes of patient falls in acute care hospitals and review the current policies and procedures in place for handling these events. Furthermore, this study explores how and why these policies and procedures are ineffective and offers suggestions for improvements to decrease patient falls rates and improve patient outcomes.

Design and Methods:  Data was gathered through several different randomized control research studies. These studies included data collection and analysis via observation, qualitative and quantitative data review, and chai square analysis. Six articles were reviewed and used as the basis for this research.

Results: Research showed that patients, their families, providers, and the facility all benefit from decreased patient fall rates. By implementing new fall policies such as post fall huddles, more frequent patient fall assessment, and improving interdisciplinary communication patient fall rates declined and when falls did occur injuries were less likely to be severe.

Conclusion:  These studies established a foundation to understand current hospital policies and procedures regarding patient falls, rates of falls, patient outcomes, and provider roles. They reflect the importance of team collaboration and quality care improvement. Health care organizations rely on their staff to keep their patients safe. It must continue to advance and change according to their needs. Because patient care is so complex there needs to be an established set of checks and balances to ensure the best possible patient care and safety. Changes to policies regarding patient falls such as implementation of a post fall huddle, improved fall prevention procedures, and increased employee involvement/accountability would promote just that. Falls are completely preventable and hopefully thought the implementation of new policies and procedures fall rates will significantly decrease.

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